Honoring our Veterans
It’s #MorrisMusuemLoanFriday here at the Morris Museum and to introduce the services of the Museum Loan Department to you, we kick off our blog with a memorial to Veteran’s Day that recently passed this Monday.
The Museum Loan is a great tool for teachers , librarians, and home school parents to give students a hands-on learning experience. We have boxes that range from American History, art, birds, countries, vertebrates, and everything in between!
WORLD WAR II: THE WAR IN THE AIR
Until the 20th Century, wars had been limited to land and sea. In World War I, the airplane was used first for observation, then bombing and fighting; but it played a relatively minor role. With World War II that changed. Tested in the Spanish Civil War and Japan’s invasion of Manchuria, the airplane became the most important weapon of war. With it you could observe enemy troops and movements; bomb enemy strongholds, supply lines factories and cities; destroy enemy planes and airfields; carry supplies, troops and paratroops to advance areas, and even drop spies and propaganda behind enemy lines. If you had control of the air, you felt you were almost guaranteed victory.
This helmet was worn in the plane. Often sitting all by himself at the very end of the plane, a tail gunner was surrounded by glass so he could see planes attacking from below and behind. The made him vulnerable to fighter plane bullets and flak from anti-aircraft shells. The earflaps were made to close over earphones, which provided communication with the rest of the crew. The knife was issued by The USAAF Air Commando Force in Burma it is called a fighting knight and was given to their pilots along with an automatic pistol. They were useful for survival if their planes were shot down.
Developed before the war, the Stirling was used in bombing raids over occupied Europe early in the war. Due to the fact it was sluggish and couldn’t carry bombs bigger than 2,000 pounds the Stirling was used as a transport after 1943. In this picture there are bombs being loaded into the Stirling.
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